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  • The term damages is normally used to refer to compensation that a person is entitled to receive. It is often divided between general damages for the injury suffered, and special damages, which are the other financial losses and expenses that relate to the accident and injury.

  • A person who has passed away.

  • A document signed by the persons named on the title deeds of a property in which they acknowledge that the property is held in trust either for themselves and or others beneficially and the manner including shares that the beneficial interest is held.

  • If an employer reduces or fails to pay wages without agreement in writing this amounts to an unlawful deduction from wages even if the employee owes money to the employer.

    The law does not of course remove an employer's right to recover money properly due to him from an employee (e.g. typically to recover an overpayment of expenses or wages). It does however, save in a few special cases, mean that the employer is not allowed to recover the money by taking the law into his own hands and deducting it from future wages without the consent of the employee.

  • A legal document used by a beneficiary to reject a gift/interest in a deceased's estate.

  • A document transferring the ownership of property from one person to another without any payment being made.

  • A document used where one person agrees to be responsible for someone else’s debt or mortgage obligations if that person fails to carry out their own obligations.

  • Where a mortgagee agrees to their mortgage ranking after another lender’s mortgage.

  • A contract, usually drawn up by a solicitor, which records an agreement reached in respect of financial matters following separation.

  • A legal document that allows the distribution of the estate to be changed by the beneficiaries.

  • The official documents confirming who owns a property which are in the possession of the owner or mortgagees if the property is mortgaged.

  • Can be made if a defence is not submitted by the respondent within the prescribed time period. If a default judgement is issued, the court can hear the case and make a ruling without hearing your side of the story.

  • A problem with the title of the property.

  • A reduction in rank, often accompanied with a lower pay status. Most people view a demotion as a punishment, as it implies that the individual was incapable of performing at a higher rank.

  • This can cause confusion. Most people refer to a deposit as the money put down by the buyer, usually the difference between the amount of the mortgage and the purchase price. However solicitors refer to a deposit as the money that is handed over to the seller’s solicitors upon exchange of contracts. This might be the same amount, but not necessarily.

  • Intentionally decreasing your assets in an attempt to reduce the amount you have to contribute to care home fees.

  • A ground for divorce eg. If your husband or wife leaves to work overseas for over two years and never returns.

  • Case management orders issued by the employment tribunal, detailing set dates on which both parties must complete certain key tasks.