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  • This is the process by which a person who wishes to bring a claim must first contact ACAS to give brief details. An ACAS officer will speak to both parties with a view to reaching a settlement. If this is not possible within a certain timeframe, a certificate is provided which then allows the person (Claimant) to issue the claim .

  • An earmarking order is an option for splitting up pension rights on divorce or judicial separation. It means that a proportion of the pension is specified (earmarked) to go to the spouse usually on retirement. It is an option rarely exercised since pension share orders became available in December 2000.

  • The right of a person over another person’s piece of land (e.g. right of way).

  • Abbreviation for Employment Appeal Tribunal. The EAT is the court where any appeals from the employment tribunal are heard.

  • Having the right to do or obtain something, satisfying the relevant conditions.

  • The main forum in which employment disputes are heard. They consist of 3 members (a qualified judge and 2 lay members) and hear and decide cases, mostly in public although some are heard in private. Sometimes a judge will sit alone to decide preliminary issues.

  • A legal document which could be used to appoint a person/people to help manage your property and financial affairs.

  • A search against a property to check whether there is any record kept to suggest that the property may be affected by contamination.

  • Equal Pay Claims can be brought by both employees and self-employed people who have been contracted to execute work personally.

    If a person is considering making an equal pay claim they must have a real life comparator of the opposite sex who is earning more than them, but is doing:

    1. like work;
    2. work related as equivalent; or
    3. work of equal value.
  • A financial interest in a property/business.

  • Usually means the difference between the value of a property and the amount owned to the mortgagee.

  • Assets belonging to a deceased person forms their estate.

  • Standard form on which the claimant must submit their claim.

  • Standard form on which the respondent must submit their response.

  • The body of facts or information available to show that something is the case.

  • Sum of money paid where there is no obligation or liability to pay it.

  • The formal exchanging of the two parts of the contract when the seller and buyer become legally bound to complete on an agreed date and, in the case of the seller, to move out of the property.

  • A will which has been signed, dated and witnessed correctly.